And yes, you should not store your wine in any way if you want it to improve. Although perfect wine cellars are rare, you can set one up in your flat or house if you have some knowledge on the subject.
Let’s start with the most important point, the temperature. A good cellar should have a temperature of about 18 degrees. Keeping the temperature constant is also important, as it helps the wine to develop naturally.
Humidity must also be constant for a wine to age well. Darkness can also be an important factor, as if the wine is exposed to too much light it can lead to an unacceptable aromatic shift. The light produces oxidations that change the color and flavor of the wine. This applies to both natural and artificial light. In addition, the bottles must be stored lying down. This allows the wine to remain in contact with the cork.
Finally, vibrations should be avoided, as they disturb the wine and can re-suspend deposits that have formed during aging and can activate bacteria that are harmful to the wine. The ventilation of the cellar is also important, since it allows the evacuation of the odors that the wine may be impregnated with.